INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT IN WESTERN AFRICA (IWWA)
In the quest to find a solution to waste management problems in Western Africa, the European Commission under the 7th Framework Programme Theme 6: Environment, including Climate Change, funded the Integrated Waste Management in Western Africa (IWWA) project. The project commenced in June 2010 and it had a duration of twenty four months.
IWWA aimed to establish and promote Integrated Solid Waste Management systems (ISWMS) in western African countries by empowering all stakeholders participating in the waste management chain, through the reinforcement of institutional and legal frameworks and open transfer of knowledge and technology
The IWWA consortium was truly trans-national and multi-disciplinary in character. lt comprised BCCCAfrica and 21 other partners coming from 10 different African and European countries (Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ghana, Germany, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa,Spain, Sweden and Switzerland); the consortium represents a perfect balance which allowed for the maximum integration of knowledge, expertise and experience between partners. Consortium members were selected with the aim to have a complementaryexpertise in different disciplines:
Waste management technological systems,
Policy, planning and governance, and
Local development and capacity building.
BCCC-Africa participated actively in the European Union (EU) sponsored IWWAproject. The EU under its Seventh Framework Programme planned to establish an Integrated Solid Waste Management Systems (ISWM) in West Africa. ISWM systems combine waste streams, waste collection, and treatment and disposal methods, with the objective of achieving environmental benefits, economic optimization and societal acceptability. The IWWA project was implemented in four West African countries namely, Ghana, Nigeria, Cote d'Ivoire and Senegal by a consortium of partners from both Europe South and West Africa.
Beneficiary Parties on the project were: Verein zur Farderung des Technologietransfers an der Hochschule Bremerhaven e.V. (TTZ), Germany; Bioazul (S.L. BIOAZUL), Spain; Eidgenoessische Materialpruefungs Und Forschungsanstalt (EMPA) Switzerland; Sveriges antbruksuniversitet (SLU), Sweden; Ako-Institut e.V. Institut fr angewandte Akologie (OEKO), Germany; Fundacian Gaiker (GAIKER), Spain; Technische Universit Berlin (TUB), Germany; Enda Tiers Monde (ENDA), Senegal; Regional Council of Matam (MATAM), Senegal; Institut Africain de Gestion Urbaine (IAGU), Senegal; Zoomlion Ghana Limited (ZOOM), Ghana; Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana; Basel Convention Regional Coordinating Centre for Africa (BCRC), Nigeria; Environmental Law Research Institute (ELRI), Nigeria; University of Abobo Adjama (UAA), Cote d'Ivoire; Centre for Environment and Development for the Arab Region and Europe (CEDARE), Egypt; Icando, South Africa; Centre for Environmental Impact Analysis (CEIA) Ghana.
IWWA project examined the current solid waste management practices in 4 target countries in Western Africa, representative of countries in the region: Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal. Information was gathered through desk research, administration of questionnaire etc. and inputs from stakeholders participatory workshops held in the target countries were incorporated into the development of guidelines and recommendations.
The project analyzed the current situation in the target countries, identifying main gaps and technological, sociological, organisational constraints, amongst others. From the results of the project, best practices and suitable management systems from European and non OECD countries were selected for application in the target countries.
As part of the project, BCCC-Africa organized a participatory workshop for stakeholders in government, private sector, academia and NGOs in Ibadan, 2-3 June 2011.The tools developed during the project were to empower stakeholders in two ways: providing technological and organizational solutions adapted to their necessities, and setting up the basis of a policy framework for a long-term implementation of improved and sustainable solid waste management systems.